Transportation/Trade

The Bhor Ghat road to Poona opened in 1830 which allowed greater access to the Deccan cotton fields.

In 1853, the first Indian railway opened. To keep up with the influx of people coming in because of this railway, many government buildings were built.

1857, first spinning and weaving mill invented.

1860–world’s largest cotton market in India.

The Great Indian Peninsula Railway opened 34 years later in 1864. The GIPR improved transportation of goods significantly and allowed Bombay to fill the global demand for cotton (since there were shortages from the American Civil War’s blockade of its southern ports).

Cotton Textile manufacturing was something Bombay prospered in in the 19th century, and is still important to its economy today. Unfortunately, Jules Verne does not go into much depth about Bombay, so there is not much to compare to his visualization of Bombay, but knowing that this city is a huge center for trade does reaffirm why it is an important stop in Around the World in Eighty Days. While they go to countries with an English presence, it is still good to know that Verne decides to stop in Bombay due to its successful transportation and role as a hub for trade.